Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. Wir freuen uns auf euch! 33K likes. cit., pp. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th edition, Vol. However a continuity of settlement from Roman to Frankish times cannot be proven. [52] L'empereur Otton le Grand certifiait cet acte à l’occasion d’une Diète d'Empire à Aix-la-Chapelle le 17 janvier 966. Key factors in choosing this location were the favourable railway links to the Ruhr area and the Aachen Coalfield. Now, using the excuse of the resistance that had flared up, they tried to take it by force. [17] Later the estates owned by the abbey were divided between the provost and chapter. The length of the cold season with a minimum temperature below 0 °C (32 °F) is less than 60 days, the number of summer's days with temperatures above 25 °C (77 °F) averages 30, with an additional eight "tropical" days with daytime temperatures of more than 30 °C (86 °F) and night temperatures over 20 °C (68 °F), and there are an average of 20 days of thunderstorms. Erkelenz) je grad u njemačkoj saveznoj državi Severna Rajna-Vestfalija. Des briques romaines au sous-sol du marché et de l’église de la cité d’Erkelenz. p. 66, Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et. Illo ha circa 43.400 habitantes. Right from the start of the occupation France and Belgium had tried unsuccessfully to annexe the Rhineland. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. p. 83, Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et. Saint-James (France) depuis le 12 octobre 1974. La ville appartient à la région de tremblement de terre du fossé rhénan. Erkelenz là một thị xã ở huyện Heinsberg, bang Nordrhein-Westfalen của Đức. Institut für geschichtliche Landeskunde der Rheinlande an der Universität Bonn. 301 f.; op. Ĝi troviĝas en la distrikto Heinsberg de la federacia lando Nordrejn-Vestfalio. Erkelenz Olmoniyaning Shimoliy Reyn — Vestfaliya yerida joylashgan shahardir. cit., p. 236, "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Fine de decembro 2017 la komunumo havis 43 392 loĝantojn. Tant le lion que la fleur rappellent les liens de la ville avec le duché de Gueldre. [59], By April 1933 the NSDAP had organised a boycott of Jewish businesses in the town,[60] whilst the 1938 November pogroms (the so-called Reichskristallnacht) finally led to anti-Semitic acts of violence. [16] From then on the abbey was the owner of the entire estate in Erkelenz and the surrounding villages with the proviso that territorial lordship was exercised by the count. [53], When the French and Belgians occupied the Ruhr in January 1923, in order to take coal and steel back to their own countries, there was passive resistance, which later became known as the Battle of the Ruhr (Ruhrkampf). Pages in category "People from Erkelenz" The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. Wir waren in Erkelenz und wollen ein paar Impressionen mit euch teilen. cit., p. 4. Thick seams of brown coal from the Tertiary and of black coal from the Carboniferous are located underground. Almost all its roads, which lay on both sides of the old Marienweg, a Marian pilgrimage route that ran to Holtum, bore the names of east German towns. cit., pp.100 ff, Josef Lennartz und Theo Görtz, op. In the 19th century hand weaving with looms was the predominant activity of the surrounding villages. In 1580 it was almost completely depopulated by the plague. Maydoni – 117,35 km 2. cit., pp. The fourth and heaviest air raid on the now abandoned town took place on 23 February 1945. By the end of March 1945 about 25 people still lived in Erkelenz and, as the town gradually filled up with retreating evacuees, they lacked all the basic necessities.[67]. Erkelenz estas urba komunumo en Germanio. Debra Zizkat and Hans-Wilhelm Cuber, Cusanus Gymnasium Erkelenz, Wetterstation Erkelenz/Haus Hohenbusch. An Erkelenz amo in usa ka munisipalidad ha distrito han Heinsberg, ha North Rhine-Westphalia, Alemanya Usa ka turók ini nga barasahon. Annual precipitation amounts to about 710 millimetres (28 in), whereby August is the wettest and September the driest month. In 1897 the Halcour Textile Factory appeared on Neußer Straße, which had 67 male and 22 female workers in 1911 in its factory-owned health insurance department.[48]. Erkelenz is a town in the Rhineland in western Germany that lies 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest of Mönchengladbach on the northern edge of the Cologne Lowland, halfway between the Lower Rhine region and the Lower Meuse. This attack which took place during the French-Dutch War only succeeded on the fourth assault using the newly invented cannons, when two of the four gates fell. op. Besucht uns auf Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Spielleutevrevel/ The coat of arms shows the centuries-old connection to the duchy. Westreporter Heldens. Several of the leading Nazis, who were found among those retreating, were arrested and placed on trial. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The onset of spring, which is reckoned from the budding of cherry, apple and pear trees, occurs between 29 April and 5 May. [61] In March/April 1941 Jews all over Germany were evacuated from their homes and concentrated in so-called Jew houses (Judenhäusern), to which they were only permitted to take the absolute essentials from their property. myREGIO.TV ist ein Onlinesender für den Kreis Heinsberg und die angrenzende Region. [23] In 1359 Erkelenz is described in a document as a Guelders town[11] and bears the Guelders lions and rose on its seal and coat of arms. The invaders forced the townsfolk to breach the walls and blew up the Bellinghoven and Oerath gates, both of which blocked free passage to the Netherlands.[42][43]. Acest articol despre Renania de Nord-Westfalia este un ciot . 20 JAHRE!! Even the youth were encouraged to volunteer for work details in order to help with the rebuilding of the town. To alleviate the lack of labour, prisoners of war, mainly Russians who had been interned in 1915 in a POW camp on the land of the International Drilling Company, were employed, mainly in agriculture. Dieses … Whilst long streams of refugees moved eastwards across the Rhine, as well as groups of fieldwork labourers there were large units of armed SA in the border region who tyrannised and robbed the remaining population. It formed the Amt of Erkelenz, together with the non-isolated villages of Wegberg, Krüchten and Brempt, headed by the Amtmann (Drossard). In 1458 it immediately started work on a new bell tower, that has survived until today, after the tower of the old Romanesque church had collapsed. The bells of all the churches rang at midnight, their hour of freedom,[55] and that year Erkelenz also celebrated the 600th anniversary of being granted its town rights. Vintage Bistro Erkelenz, Erkelenz. In the years 1818/19 the tumbledown town walls and gates were demolished. [50], During the First World War the local economy also ground to a halt as a result of conscription, the priority given to the transportation of troops and war materiel on the railways as well as the large contingents of troops that marched through the town with their resulting demands. cit., pp. Here in the southwest corner and east of the chancel of the Roman Catholic parish church there are urn graves enclosed by glacial erratics of the early Frankish period from 300 to 500 A.D. On the south and southeast edge of the market, round jars were also found in the style of Badorf ceramics from Carolingian times. Erkelenz is a town in the Rhineland in western Germany that lies 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest of Mönchengladbach on the northern edge of the Cologne Lowland, halfway between the Lower Rhine region and the Lower Meuse. On 17 January 966, St. Mary's Abbey in Aachen (Marienstift zu Aachen) was given inter alia the settlements of Erkelenz and its neighbour, Oestrich, in the County of Eremfried in the Mühlgau as part of an exchange with the Lotharingian Count Immo. Oellers, was established on the present Parkweg; it was a mechanical weaving mill which, at times, employed 120 workers and 20 salesmen. [51], After this war, which also saw the end of the German Empire 2,000 soldiers were stationed here between 1918 and 1926. cit., p. 154. Elle est située au nord du bassin de Cologne, à mi-chemin entre Aix-la-Chapelle et Düsseldorf près de Mönchengladbach. Beneath it are the gravels and sands of the main ice age terrace, laid down by the Rhine and the Meuse. In the north the börde gives way to the forests and waterways of the Schwalm–Nette-Plateau, part of the Lower Rhine Plain. In Erkelenz, such people ended up in Nazareth House in Immerath. Der offizielle Facebook-Account des Kreises Heinsberg. Since 2010, the inhabitants of the easternmost village of Pesch have left and most have moved to the new villages of Immerath and Borschemich in the areas of Kückhoven and Erkelenz-Nord. Erkelenz is a typical little town of the lower Rhine and near to the Netherlands. cit., pp. Polizei NRW Heinsberg. cit., pp. Erkelenz received its town rights in 1326 from Count Reginald II of Guelders, as can be read in the town chronicle by Matthias Baux. Erkelenz Tourism: Tripadvisor has 917 reviews of Erkelenz Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Erkelenz resource. J.-C. qui est l’édifice en bois le plus vieux du monde. Ein Video über den Denkmal geschützten Friedhof in Erkelenz, wo ich feststellen musste das mehrere Grabsteine zerstört worden. Les étés sont chaudes et les hivers doux. RP Erkelenz Hückelhoven Wassenberg Wegberg. L'été, dont le début est marqué par la moisson du seigle, commence entre le 10 et le 16 juillet[2]. 96, 101 f. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. At the same time, the town also spread out over the fields between the few houses of Buscherhof and the Oerath Mill, forming a new large quarter, the Marienviertel. De partout de la ville et de ses villages, il y a des témoins de l’âge de pierre. In early June 1945, British troops replaced the Americans. Gründerzeit house façades are witnesses to the development at the turn of the century. Instead of walls the four present-day promenade streets were built, each named after their respective points of the compass. 99 f, Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., loco citato pp. The synagogue on the Westpromenade was devastated by mobs commanded by the SS and SA, Jews were arrested and Jewish businesses in the town were plundered and demolished. myregio.tv, Erkelenz. Near Kückhoven a wooden well was discovered in 1990 that belonged to a settlement of the Linear Pottery culture and had been built around 5,100 B.C. French troops were quartered here until 19 November 1919 and then Belgian troops took over from 1 December 1919. From the original adjectival character of the personal name the neuter noun Herculentiacum developed. Nachdem ein Feuerwehrmann aus Oberhausen bei einem Einsatz sein Leben verlor, wurden nun alle Feuerwehrfahrzeuge in Nordrhein-Westfalen mit Trauerflor bestückt. cit., p. 10. Search for restaurants, hotels, museums and more. Between the major carpet bomb attacks, non-stop fighter bomber raids went on from dawn to dusk and often into the night, continuing the work of destruction by strafing and bombing. Položaj grada u okrugu. In the years that followed industrial workers and engineers flocked to Erkelenz, creating a shortage of housing, a situation that could only be alleviated by establishing a charitable building association. [35] When in that year his brother, Rainald III, also died without issue,[24] fighting broke out repeatedly over the inheritance and possession of the Duchy of Guelders under which Erkelenz, as an exclave of Guelders in the state of Jülich, suffered particularly severely from the burdens of war, quartering of soldiers, robbery and plundering.[36]. La ville appartient à la région de tremblement de terre du fossé rhénan. That marked the introduction of electricity into the public arena in Erkelenz. cit., pp. Not until 1956 and 1957 did the town's population receive the last repatriates from the war and from POW camps at Erkelenz Station. Là, on a découvert des tombeaux francs et du Moyen Âge. They were abandoned, in some cases using force, in remote places at night and in fog.[54]. Puteți ajuta Wikipedia prin completarea sa RegioWarn … 544 likes. In addition, former Russian forced labourers, who were concentrated into the nearby village of Hetzerath, armed themselves with war materiel that had been left lying around and threatened town and country by robbing, killing and starting fires. This makes it one of the oldest wooden structures in the world. Société de médias/d’actualités. "[12] From Mathias Baux's perspective, the middle period was the 8th century, which corresponds to the emergence of the Carolingian Empire. [12][19] But no deed granting town rights exists, which is why it has been suggested that there was no fixed date but, instead, a long drawn-out process of becoming a town over many years that may have dragged on into the 14th century. Société de médias/d’actualités. [45][46] From 1816 to 1972 Erkelenz was the seat of the rural district of Erkelenz (Kreis Erkelenz). To the south the land climbs up towards the Jackerath loess ridge. [37] In 1500 the town fell again to Charles of Egmont,[33] so that in 1514 the gate opposite the Oerath Gate opposite the Bellinghoven Gate (Bellinghovener Tor, Kölner Straße) was built,[12] which sealed a gap facing Julich. 57 ff, Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al. Reise Zum Mittelpunkt Der Erde Ikarus – przedsiębiorstwo specjalizujące się w produkcji autobusów. The upper part is blue, and contains the golden lion of the duchy of Guelders (Geldern). Fine de decembro 2017 la komunumo havis 43 392 loĝantojn. cit., pp. In the silver (white) lower part is a red medlar, also called rose of Geldern. urbocentro kun kirko Lamberta Ĉi tiu artikolo ankoraŭ estas ĝermo pri Germanio. In Erkelenz there are ten primary schools, two secondary schools (Hauptschule), 1 secondary modern school (Realschule), two high schools Cornelius-Burgh-Gymnasium, Cusanus-Gymnasium Erkelenz Europaschule), one business college (Berufskolleg des Kreises Heinsberg in Erkelenz) and one school for persons with learning disabilities. Erkelenz település Németországban, azon belül Észak-Rajna-Vesztfália tartományban. [30] In addition the castle had clearly been built within the town walls, so that it must have been there at least when town rights were granted in 1326. La majorité de la terre fertile est cultivée. The coat of arms is parted horizontally. cit., pp. Dreifaltigkeit Gerderhahn St. Lambertus Erkelenz St. Michael Granterath St. Stephanus Golkrath Hl. There have been discoveries of Old and New Stone Age flint-knapping sites across the whole of the present area of the borough. These probably consisted of basic ramparts as had been common since time immemorial for the defence of settlements,[10] which had been started in the 11th century. Au mois de juillet, la température moyenne est 19 °C, au mois de janvier 3 °C. Cependant, un habitat permanent de la période romaine jusqu’à la période franque n’est pas attesté. In 1481 the town fell to Maximilian I of Austria and, in 1492, to the son of Arnold of Egmond, Charles of Egmond, who also presented himself personally in the same year at Erkelenz. Every year in May, the so-called “Fahrradfrühling” (bicycle spring) lures cyclists from near and far to the city of Erkelenz (Rhineland). The fire broke out during a summer heatwave, almost entirely razing the town apart from few houses by the Brück Gate and on Maarstraße. In Aachen Separatist troops, which had established themselves by force of arms in various Rhenish towns, called for a Rhenish Republic. Površina opštine iznosi 117,4 km². A small section of the horst is part of the Wassenberg Horst. [24] After his nephew and successor, Gerhard II of Jülich-Berg had defeated Arnold of Egmond in the Battle of Linnich, the Oerath Gate (Oerather Tor, Roermonder Straße)) was completed in 1454,[12] that faced Roermond. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. [12] The town was thus considered impregnable. The logistic troops of the invading forces also stole on a grand scale. 1745 - 1795) Maria Catharina (Maria Catharina) Thelen aka Thielen. Over five thousand people from ten villages have had to be resettled as a result. La durée de la période froide d’une température au-dessous de 0 °C, se chiffre à moins de 60 jours. About 90 four-engined bombers flew over in two waves. There is a Fire-brigade museum in the village of Lövenich. [11] In 1906 a Roman Jupiter Column from the beginning of the 3rd century A.D. was discovered in Kleinbouslar. Erkelenz – a city seized by the cycling fever. It is a medium-sized town (over 44,000) and the largest in the district of Heinsberg in North Rhine-Westphalia. [26], The town's constitution and administration was consistent with those of the other towns in Guelders. The Erkelenz Börde is the northernmost extent of the Jülich Börde and is formed from a loess plateau that has an average thickness of over eleven metres in this area. cit., pages 4 ff, 104. From 1727 to 1754 the territory of Erkelenz (Herrlichkeit Erkelenz) was pledged to Freiherr von Francken,[33] who also stayed from time to time in the town. à 18h. [65][66], As Allied forces invaded the area, the inhabitants of the surrounding villages had to leave their houses and for many days and weeks, they were driven from one place to another or concentrated in camps without enough supplies, whilst their homes were plundered, wrecked and, in many cases, set on fire. During the second air raid on 6 December 1944 44 people died. Seulement 1,4 % est couverte des forêts. The Industrial Age in Erkelenz first began with the introduction of mechanical weaving looms for making cloth. 99, 129. Un curiositate es castellos, ecclesias e molinos de vento. Erkelens (Duuts: Erkelenz) is e Rienlands stedsje in de krink Kreis Heinsberg, te Noordrien-Wesfale ().Mèt häör 117,34 km² en 42.792 inwoeners heet 't 'n bevolkingsdeechte vaan 365 de veerkante kilometer.De brón vaan 't revierke de Niers ligk vlak neve de binnestad. Erkelenz is a town in the Rhineland in western Germany that lies 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest of Mönchengladbach on the northern edge of the Cologne Lowland, halfway between the Lower Rhine region and the Lower Meuse. Le codice postal pro omne casas de habitation es 41812. Holdrio! 13 f. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels, et al., op. Le premier écrit où Erkelenz est mentionnée ("herclinze") est un acte de donation du comte lorrain Immo au chapitre de Sainte-Marie à Aix-la-Chapelle. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. [31][32] It is also hardly likely that an undefended place would have been elevated to the status of a town. cit., pp. La quantité de précipitations annuelles s’élève à 710 mm. [6] In the Tertiary period the Erkelenz horst was formed along geological fault lines. Officials and townsfolk refused and hauled down the separatist flag the following day. In Erkelenz this passive resistance was carried out especially by railwaymen, in the course of which the Belgian secret police expelled 14 families, including small children, who had been reported by narks. After Erkelenz had been unsuccessfully besieged in 1610 during the Jülich-Cleves War of Succession, the army of the French king, Louis XIV, allied with the troops of the Archbishop of Cologne, was finally in a position to take the town on the evening of 9 May 1674. Dako it imo maibubulig ha Wikipedia pinaagi han pagparabong hini: Ini nga pakli kataposan nga ginliwat dida han 12:51, 16 Septyembre 2014. Là-dessous, il y a de fortes couches de charbon. À l’ouest, hors du territoire communal et jusqu’à 60 mètres plus bas, se situe la plaine basse de la rivière Roer. As You go along the walk You get to beautiful medivael houses and the old Castle where You can climb up to the Tower and enjoy the beautiful view. The nature of most of the work was self-help and the newly reorganised town government only focussed on those building regulations that were absolutely necessary. [64] As part of the "Rur Front", anti-tank ditches were dug two kilometres (1 1⁄4 miles) west of the town in a semi-circular arc, minefields were sewn and infantry positions were constructed with extensively branched trenches in order to create a strong hedgehog defence. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 13 septembre 2020 à 11:47. In 1538 Guelders fell to William of Jülich, Cleves and Berg[33] During that period the great town fire of 1540 occurred on 21 June of that year. This is planned to be in operation until 2045. When, three days later, on 26 February 1945, American armoured units of the 102nd US Infantry Division of the 9th US Army entered the town and the surrounding villages, the warning signs on the minefields indicated the safe lanes because there was no one left who could have removed them. [15] In 1118 A.D. the name of the place finally appears as Erkelenze. During a further bombing raid on 16 January 1945, 31 people were killed, including 16 in one bunker on Anton Raky Allee. Anda boleh membantu Wikipedia dengan mengembangkannya Laman ini kali terakhir disunting pada 15:12, 30 … In 1854 the Rockstoff Factory I.B. The lowest point lies at 70 metres (230 ft) above sea level (NN) (Niers region in the northeast and near the Ophover Mill in the southwest) and the highest point is 110 metres (361 ft) above NN (on the boundary of the borough near Holzweiler/Immerath in the south). 3,7 K J’aime. Seven magistrates (Schöffen) who, like the mayors, had to possess wealth in the town or the county, and ten common councillors put forward two candidates for the office of town mayor (Stadtbürgermeister) and two for that of county mayor (Landbürgermeister) for a period of office of one year, but they were elected only by the magistrates, who actually ran the administration of the town, whilst the council only fulfilled representative functions. The colours from the shield became the colours of the city: blue and white. Plus bas se trouvent de fortes couches de charbon. In July the average temperature is 19 °C (66 °F) and, in January, 3 °C (37 °F). From the end of the 11th century the counts of Guelders, the first being Gerard III of Wassenberg, also known as Gerard I, Count of Guelders,[24] also possessed the lordship in Erkelenz. The first major carpet bombing air raid took place on 8 October 1944 over the town. 5 f. Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels et al., op. [33], In a feud between Edward of Guelders, who was a son of Duke Reginald II and adversary of his elder brother, Reginald III,[24] Count Engelbert III of the Mark conquered the now insufficiently fortified town in 1371 and partly destroyed it. [40], Lasting peace did not, however, return to the land and several times epidemics struck the town. Erkelenz est une commune d'Allemagne et la plus grande de l'arrondissement de Heinsberg dans le Land de Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie. [63], Towards the end of the Second World War, as the Allies advanced towards Germany's western border in the middle of September 1944, Erkelenz was gradually cleared out, like many other places in the Aachen region. Amongst the SS combat troops, the command was issued from the top to the lowest level to pull out and they did so, as did the local party functionaries, who had been burning their records for days. Erkelenz perdeva alicun quartieros al mina a celo aperte de lignite Garzweiler. Plus de 5 000 habitants de dix villages doivent quitter leurs villages et quartiers notamment Immerath (de) pour s'installer à Neu-Immerath (de)[1]. 103 ff, 57 ff, 75 ff, Jack Schiefer, op. dans la salle Chepfer de l’Hôtel de Ville de Nancy. [57] In May 1933 they forced the incumbent democratic mayor, Dr. Ernst de Werth, out of office under threat of taking him into "protective custody", made Adolf Hitler an honorary citizen and pursued political dissidents, trades unionists and clergymen. 44 457 nafar aholi istiqomat qiladi (2010). Erkelenz lost its status as the county town to Heinsberg and was amalgamated with the municipalities of Borschemich, Gerderath, Golkrath, Granterath, Holzweiler, Immerath, Keyenberg, Kückhoven, Lövenich, Schwanenberg and Venrath, as well as the parishes of Geneiken and Kuckum. From December 1944 the town also came within the range of allied artillery. 73 ff, Josef Gaspers, Leo Sels u. a., op. In 1921 the town had emergency money printed in the shape of paper notes with values of 50 and 75 pfennigs to a total value of 70,000 marks. Dès lors le chapitre était propriétaire du tout le terroir à Erkelenz, tandis que les comtes exerçaient la suzeraineté. Erkelenz estas urba komunumo en Germanio. Au nord commence le bas pays du Rhin inférieur, riche en forêts, ruisseaux et lacs. +/-Erkelenz Wassenberg és Wegberg községekkel határos. It is a medium-sized town (over 44,000) and the largest in the district of Heinsberg in North Rhine-Westphalia. Posjeduje regionalnu šifru (AGS) 5370004, NUTS (DEA29) i LOCODE (DE ERK) kod. Emperor Charles V who, in 1543, following the capture of Düren and Julich during his march on Roermond with a 30,000 strong army, stayed personally in Erkelenz. The increased volume of traffic into Erkelenz station necessitated an upgrade of the four roads radiating from the town to something like chaussee standard[47] and in the succeeding decades a development of the town beyond its medieval town boundaries along the present Kölner Straße towards the station. Under the present-day Catholic church lay Frankish and medieval graves without any grave goods as well as broken pieces of Badorf Ceramic and Roman bricks.[13]. Explore genealogy for Maria Catharina Thelen born abt. Its transition is part of the Baal Riedelland. Category News & Politics; License Panorama de Délos (©Wikimedia commons) Dans le cadre des Journées de l’Antiquité et avec le soutien de l’Association Lorraine des Professeurs de Langues Anciennes et de la Ville de Nancy, Christophe Feyel prononcera une conférence intitulée : « Délos, l’île sainte », le lundi 23 mars de 17h. cit., pp. En 1326 le comte, plus tard duc Renaud II de Gueldre octroyait le privilège de ville à Erkelenz. Here, streams have created a richly varying landscape of hills and valleys. Emperor Otto the Great confirmed this exchange in the aforementioned deed at an imperial assembly (Hoftag) in Aachen. En février 1945, la ville fut entièrement détruite par des bombardements alliés ; sa reconstruction dura une dizaine d'années. Not until 1803 did the abbey lose these rights of ownership, when France introduced secularisation into the Rhineland.[18]. Erkelenz est assiégée en 1610 durant de la guerre de Succession de Juliers. cit., p. 155. Using that method, an army of 3000 foot soldiers and 1,000 horse under William IV of Jülich took them by surprise in August 1498. In the west on the far side of the town, lies the Rur depression, some 30 to 60 metres lower (100 to 200 ft). When, on 10 May 1898, a bronze statue of Emperor William I was erected on the market place, it was illuminated, at Raky's initiative, with electric lighting from arc lamps. In 1910 Arnold Koepe built an engineering workshop in the former Karl Müller plush weaving mill in order to manufacture coal wagons for the mines. Le paysage est formé par une surface plane et peu ondulée dont la terre consiste en un plateau de lœss qui possède une épaisseur de plus de 11 mètres. Le nombre des jours d’été d’une température de plus de 25 °C est de trente, dont huit jours tropicaux d’une température de plus de 30 °C peuvent s’installer. Dans la partie inférieure sur un fond blanc (d’argent) se trouve une fleur rouge de néflier. This list may not reflect recent changes (). PB 2015-10-Oktober - Pfarrei Christkönig Erkelenz Pfarrei Christkönig Erkelenz St. Christophorus Gerderath St. Lucia Terheeg St. Mariä Empfängnis Katzem St. Cosmas und Damian Holzweiler Hl. 7, Leipzig and Vienna, 1890, pp. In 1423, the Duchy of Guelders, and thus the town of Erkelenz, fell to Arnold of Egmond,[33] and, in 1425, to Adolphus of Jülich-Berg. Rencana berkaitan Jerman ini ialah rencana tunas. The town's actual step into the Industrial Age took place in 1897 when the industrial pioneer, Anton Raky, moved the head office of the International Drilling Company (Internationaler Bohrgesellschaft), known locally as the Bohr, to Erkelenz. [58], In July 1933 a so-called Hereditary Health Court was established at the district courthouse in Erkelenz as in all districts in the German Empire, whose task was to direct the forced sterilisation of mentally and physically handicapped people as part of what later became Hitler's "Euthanasia Programme", known after the war as Action T4. Au sous-sol se trouvent des graviers et des sables de la période glaciaire, apportés par le Rhin et la Meuse.