[101], Ahead of the general election of 2015, a merger of the three biggest opposition parties – the Action Congress of Nigeria(ACN), the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), a faction of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) and the new PDP (nPDP), a faction of serving governors of the then ruling People's Democratic Party – formed the All Progressives Congress (APC). In 2019, the economy began to recover slightly with the nation's real GDP growing by 2.3% and the IMF estimating another increase of 2.3% in 2020. With the spread of Islam from the 7th century AD, the area became known as Sudan or as Bilad Al Sudan (English: Land of the Blacks; Arabic: بلاد السودان‎). This name was coined on January 8, 1897, by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator. Later, the counter-coup of 1966, supported primarily by Northern military officers, facilitated the rise Yakubu Gowon as military head of state. The education system is divided into Kindergarten, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education. [240], Nigeria was the only country in Africa to have never eradicated polio, which it periodically exported to other African countries;[241] Polio was cut 98% between 2009 and 2010. In April 1994, the Super Eagles ranked 5th in the FIFA World Rankings, the highest ranking achieved by an African football team. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS) announced creation of new Owerri mission in Nigeria in 2016. In late November 2006, it organised an Africa-South America Summit in Abuja to promote what some attendees termed "South-South" linkages on a variety of fronts. In November 2008, Nigeria's music scene (and that of Africa) received international attention when MTV hosted the continent's first African music awards show in Abuja. Report[140] shows that high percentage of man-made forests in the country is dominated with exotic species. After that illegal smugglers purchased slaves along the coast by native slavers. To the southeast of the Benue are hills and mountains, which form the Mambilla Plateau, the highest plateau in Nigeria. However, Babangida annulled the elections, leading to massive civilian protests that effectively shut down the country for weeks. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS. [93] The regime came to an end in 1998, when the dictator died in the villa. Everything in between the far south and the far north is savannah (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees). Lagos is the most populous city in the country and the African continent, as well as one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. It produced life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa[38][39][40][41][42] and smelted iron by about 550 BC and possibly a few centuries earlier. But basic rights issues, such as slavery - which was only banned in 2003 and still remains a problem - and a high rate of illiteracy and disease, remain stubborn challenges. Bevölkerung auf Malta. Did you know that managers account for at least 70% of the variance in team engagement and heavily influence employee well-being? Although the elections that brought Obasanjo to power in the 1999 presidential election and for a second term in the 2003 presidential election were condemned as unfree and unfair, Nigeria has shown marked improvements in attempts to tackle government corruption and hasten development. Person von [sehr] dunkler Hautfarbe; 2. schwarze Tafel, mit deren Hilfe … 3. April 2020 ] Corona-Virus: Die wichtigsten Faktoren für den Verlauf Gesundheit [ 19. The utilization of these and many other herbs growing naturally within the farm environment is opportunistic. The festivals provide entertainment of dance and song to add excitement to travelers during a stay in Lagos. [citation needed], As of 2010[update], about 30% of Nigerians are employed in agriculture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. The first coup was in January 1966 and was led mostly by Igbo soldiers under Majors Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu. Nigeria used part of its oil profits to pay the residual 40%, freeing up at least $1.15 billion annually for poverty reduction programmes. Although Nigerian films have been produced since the 1960s, the country's film industry has been aided by the rise of affordable digital filming and editing technologies. Februar 2020 ] Bedrohung für die Welt: Ohne CO-2 Gesundheit Tafel, von der ein Schauspieler … Zum vollständigen Artikel → Ni­g­ro­man­tie [99][100] Goodluck Jonathan served as acting president of Nigeria until 16 April 2011, when a new presidential election in Nigeria was conducted. [272], There is polygamy in Nigeria. By the middle of the 20th century, a great wave for independence was sweeping across Africa. Niger (deutsch [ ˈniːgɐ ], französisch [ niˈʒɛːʁ]), Vollform Republik Niger, ist ein Binnenstaat in Westafrika. ", "World Bank Country and Lending Groups – World Bank Data Help Desk", "Nok Terracottas (500 B.C.–200 A.D.) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "Iron and its influence on the prehistoric site of Lejja", "Nigeria: A Country Study – The Slave Trade", "Slow death slavery course abolition northern Nigeria 18971936 | Regional history after 1500", "Civil Military Affairs and Military Culture in Post-Transition Nigeria", "Wiwa et al v. Royal Dutch Petroleum et al", "Ruling party named winner in disputed Nigerian election", "Nigeria's Goodluck Jonathan sworn in as president", "National Assembly confirms Sambo as Vice President", "Nigerians Vote in Presidential Election", "Nigeria election: Muhammadu Buhari wins", "Obama praises Nigeria's president for conceding defeat", "APC praises Jonathan for conceding defeat", "Anyaoku Praises Jonathan For Conceding Defeat", "Buhari beats Atiku to secure re-election as Nigeria president", "Legislation and the Electoral Process: The Third Term Agenda and the Future of Nigerian Democracy", "Nigeria has lost $400bn oil revenue to corruption since Independence – Ezekwesili", "Ethnic Politics in Nigeria: The Realities of Regionalism", "Nigeria Records Improvement, Ranked 39th on Corruption Index", Nigerian former minister 'stole $6bn of public money', "Collins Edomaruse, how Obasanjo cut UK, US to size", "Egbe Omo Yoruba, National Association of Yoruba descendants in North America", "Which Countries Are For or Against China's Xinjiang Policies? [219] However, in a report released by Pew Research Center in 2015, the Muslim population was estimated to be 50%, and by 2060, according to the report, Muslims will account for about 60% of the country. [92] Several hundred million dollars in accounts traced to Abacha were discovered in 1999. Slavery’s last stronghold. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Niger had a population of 3.4 million people. The highest point in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi at 2,419 m (7,936 ft). Niger hat die jüngste Bevölkerung und höchste Geburtenrate der Welt Einzelne Beispiele zeigen die demographischen Veränderungen mit aller Deutlichkeit. On October 1, 1979, Shehu Shagari was sworn in as the first President and Commander-in-Chief of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Mapping our place in the world: The atlas for the 21st century. Pengikut agama Islam merupakan kelompok keagamaan terbesar kedua di dunia. First-year entry requirements into most universities in Nigeria include: Minimum of SSCE/GCE Ordinary Level Credits at a maximum of two sittings; Minimum cut-off marks in Joint Admission and Matriculation Board Entrance Examination (JAMB) of 180 and above out of a maximum of 400 marks are required. The total population in the United Kingdom was estimated at 66.7 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures. Some key events in Niger's history: 1890 - French occupy Niger. Europeans traded goods with peoples at the coast; coastal trade with Europeans also marked the beginnings of the Atlantic slave trade. Since 2002, the country has seen sectarian violence by Boko Haram, a movement that seeks to abolish the secular system of government and establish Sharia law in the country. (Zensus 2006), 196 Mio. Verkommenster Teil einer Bevölkerung. Bevölkerung im Jemen. Bevölkerung in Niger. Nigeria provides free, government-supported education, but attendance is not compulsory at any level, and certain groups, such as nomads and the handicapped, are under-served. Britain annexed Lagos as a Crown Colony in August 1861 with the Lagos Treaty of Cession. The world bank states Nigeria has had a 7.4% economic growth in July, 2019 which has been their highest yet since the gross domestic product rate decreased to 2%. All major parties have practised vote-rigging and other means of coercion to remain competitive. An original product “Made by Teoalida” that you will NOT find elsewhere on internet, compiled by me since 2003 and based on Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. This is illustrated by the fact that Chinese exports account for around 80 percent of total bilateral trade volumes. As with other transportation facilities, the airports suffer from a poor reputation for safety and operational efficiency. In June 1903, the British defeated the remaining forces of Attahiru I and killed him; by 1906 resistance to British rule had ended. It has reached lower-middle-income status according to the World Bank,[151] with its abundant supply of natural resources, well-developed financial, legal, communications, transport sectors and stock exchange (the Nigerian Stock Exchange), which is the second-largest in Africa. In 2017, Nigeria signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.[184]. With the fall of oil prices during the 1980s oil glut Nigeria struggled to keep up with its loan payments and eventually defaulted on its principal debt repayments, limiting repayment to the interest portion of the loans. A cross sectional study design and clustered-stratified-Random sampling strategy were used. Waste management presents problems in a mega city like Lagos and other major Nigerian cities which are linked with economic development, population growth and the inability of municipal councils to manage the resulting rise in industrial and domestic waste. The featured topic for Nigeria covers the main current security incidents in the northern, southern, and central parts of Nigeria. Most of Nigeria's oil fields are small and scattered, and as of 1990, these small fields accounted for 62.1% of all Nigerian production. A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Nigeria is trying to reach the Sustainable Development Goal Number 1, which is to end poverty in all its forms by 2030. Eight major fashion looks for 2021, 'Iraq's ghost militias have got me on their hit-list', A decision that changed my family's story, Quarantine meals: The 2020 trend no-one predicted, Striking news photos from around the world in 2020, .css-q4by3k-IconContainer{display:none;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}play'We need to learn life lessons from this' Video'We need to learn life lessons from this', BBC Future: The year defined in 37 objects, How China silenced voices and rewrote Covid history, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Luke Letlow: Newly-elected US lawmaker, 41, dies from Covid.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Covid-19: Oxford-AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine approved for use in UK2, China Covid-19: Nearly 500,000 in Wuhan may have had virus, says study3, Quarantine meals: The 2020 food trend no-one predicted4, Tesla: Soaring share price creates army of 'Teslanaires'5, Argentina abortion: Senate votes in favour of legalisation6, Harry and Meghan say 'love wins' in first podcast from Spotify deal7, Alexei Navalny: Russian officials bring new fraud charges8, What my grandfather's life taught me about China and America9, Fashion lookahead: Eight major 2021 looks from tie-dye to pastels10. A number of Cubans settled in Nigeria as political refugees following the Cuban Revolution. Quite often they are plucked or cut, and fed either as fresh or conserved fodders. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Nok: African Sculpture in Archaeological Context: p. 21. [61] Some children of the southern elite went to Great Britain to pursue higher education. Some of the more prolific slave trading kingdoms who participated in the transatlantic slave trade were linked with the Edo's Benin Empire in the south, Oyo Empire in the southwest, and the Aro Confederacy in the southeast. The British appointed Muhammadu Attahiru II as the new Caliph. The UK approves its second vaccine against Covid-19, with the first doses due to be given on Monday. In this regard, some foreign vehicle manufacturing companies like Nissan have made known their plans to have manufacturing plants in Nigeria. Candidates with a minimum of Merit Pass in National Certificate of Education (NCE), National Diploma (ND) and other Advanced Level Certificates minimum qualifications with a minimum of 5O/L Credits are given direct entry admission into the appropriate undergraduate degree programs. [176][177][178], Nigeria in recent years has been embracing industrialisation. Child marriage remains common in Northern Nigeria. [242][243] In 2012, a new bone marrow donor program was launched by the University of Nigeria to help people with leukaemia, lymphoma, or sickle cell disease to find a compatible donor for a life-saving bone marrow transplant, which cures them of their conditions. Tourism in Nigeria centers largely on events, due to the country's ample amount of ethnic groups, but also includes rain forests, savannah, waterfalls, and other natural attractions.[171]. Ajayi, Kunle (2007). On 27 July 2007 Nigeria's President Umaru Yar'Adua urged the country to embrace nuclear power in order to meet its growing energy needs. Many ex-slaves came to Nigeria following the emancipation of slaves in the Americas. [14] Nigeria's constitution ensures freedom of religion. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Lugard used rivalries between many of the emirs in the southern reach of the caliphate and the central Sokoto administration to prevent any defense as he worked towards the capital. This process advocated that any candidate needed to pass through adoption for all elective positions from the local government, state government and federal government. The coup plotters succeeded in assassinating Sir Ahmadu Bello and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa alongside prominent leaders of the Northern Region and also Premier Samuel Akintola of the Western Region, but the coup plotters struggled to form a central government. Niger, Vollform Republik Niger, ist ein Binnenstaat in Westafrika. Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960, as the Federation of Nigeria, while retaining the British monarch, Elizabeth II, as nominal head of state and Queen of Nigeria. Its coastline is at least 853 km (530 mi). As of 2014[update] it is the largest economy in Africa, having overtaken South Africa. [233], Health care delivery in Nigeria is a concurrent responsibility of the three tiers of government in the country, and the private sector. It was based on the Chinese DFH-4 satellite bus, and carries a variety of transponders: four C-band; fourteen Ku-band; eight Ka-band; and two L-band. Other Nigerian writers and poets who are well known internationally include John Pepper Clark, Ben Okri, Cyprian Ekwensi, Buchi Emecheta, Helon Habila, T. M. Aluko, Isaac Delano, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Daniel O. Fagunwa, Femi Osofisan and Ken Saro Wiwa, who was executed in 1995 by the military regime. Tillabéri 7. There are early historical references by medieval Arab and Muslim historians and geographers which refer to the Kanem-Bornu Empire as the region's major centre for Islamic civilization. Nigerian film studios are based in Lagos, Kano and Enugu, forming a major portion of the local economy of these cities. Title: Global & Africa Scorecard-25 Countries with Least Sustainable Access to Improved Clean Water Source Author: userb Created Date: 5/15/2012 2:54:26 PM Its southern coast is on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. [167] Nigeria has one of the fastest-growing telecommunications markets in the world, major emerging market operators (like MTN, 9mobile, Airtel and Globacom) basing their largest and most profitable centres in the country. Name Status Einwohner Zensus 1991-11-26 Einwohner Zensus 2006-03-21. [Note 1] The country has the world's fifth-largest Muslim population and sixth-largest Christian population,[13] with a minority practicing indigenous religions, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities. Nigeria is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a total area of 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi),[135] making it the world's 32nd-largest country. On 29 May 1999, Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the 1999 presidential election, former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo as the second democratically elected civilian President of Nigeria heralding the beginning of the Fourth Nigerian Republic. [138] To the southwest of the Niger is "rugged" highland. It produces Buses and SUVs. In some areas of Nigeria, ethnic groups speak more than one language. The Supreme Vikings Confraternity, for example, boasts that twelve members of the Rivers State House of Assembly are cult members. Data presented here were used in the preparation of the 2020 Human Development Report “The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene", released on 15 December 2020. The 2002 Miss World pageant was moved from Abuja to London in the wake of violent protests by Muslims in the Northern part of the country that left at least a hundred dead and more than 500 injured. By 1902, the British had begun plans to move north into the Sokoto Caliphate. It is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. 1990 - A rebellion starts in northern Niger, adding to the country's political unrest. [250] Students with required documents[251] typically enter university from age 17–18 onwards and study for an academic degree. Fagg, "The Nok Culture in Prehistory", Abba Idris Adam, "Re-inventing Islamic Civilization in the Sudanic Belt: The Role of Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio. Diffa 3. [263][264] In May 2014 Benin, Chad, Cameroon and Niger joined Nigeria in a united effort to combat Boko Haram in the aftermath of the 2014 Chibok kidnapping of 276 schoolgirls. There are 54 airports in Nigeria; the principal airports are Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos and Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja. ", "Economic and Financial Crimes Commission – EFCC – Home", "2002:Riots force Miss World out of Nigeria", "Nigeria: We Are Responsible for Borno Killings, Says Boko Haram", "Suspected Boko Haram fighters kill 65 in attack on funeral in Nigeria", "Islamic State group in Nigeria kills 20 soldiers, displaces 1,000 people", "Nigeria: Hundreds killed and churches burned in latest Fulani massacre", "Death toll from northwest Nigeria attack doubles to 130", "Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women", "Failure to pass equality bill betrays Nigerian women, activists say", "Refworld – Nigeria: Prevalence of forced marriage, particularly in Muslim and Yoruba communities; information on legislation, including state protection; ability of women to refuse a forced marriage", "Nigeria's child brides: 'I thought being in labour would never end, "Nigeria: Child brides facing death sentences a decade after child marriage prohibited", "Women and Land Rights Reforms in Nigeria", "Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) – Data", "Nigeria's female genital mutilation ban is important precedent, say campaigners", "In Nigeria, neglected women bear the shame of fistulas", "Women and the Informal Sector in Nigeria: Implications for Development", "Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death", "Nigeria's president signs law imposing up to 14 years' jail for gay relationships, "Shocking photos of starving 'witch' toddler inspire massive donations", "AP/CNN: MTV launches first-ever African music award show", "Nigerian films try to move upmarket: Nollywood's new scoreboard", "Toronto: Nigerians disagree over new Nollywood", "Hello Nollywood: how Nigeria became Africa's biggest economy overnight", "Nollywood helps Nigeria kick South Africa's economic butt", "TB Joshua – 21st Century Prophet in Our Midst? [142] The initial entry of IAS into Nigeria was mainly through exotic plant introductions by the colonial rulers either for forest tree plantations or for ornamental purposes. [306] In 2015, Wellington Jighere became the first African player to win World Scrabble Championship. [64] An imbalance was created in the polity by the result of the 1961 plebiscite. Adjektiv – Niger, die Nigrer betreffend; von den … Zum vollständigen Artikel → Ne­ger. [273] Submission of the wife to her husband and domestic violence are common. [307], Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, This article is about the country. [188][189] The satellite, was stated to have a positive impact on national development in various sectors such as communications, internet services, health, agriculture, environmental protection and national security.[190]. He went on to win the elections, with the international media reporting the elections as having run smoothly with relatively little violence or voter fraud, in contrast to previous elections. He urged all Nigerians to join either of the parties, which the late Chief Bola Ige famously referred to as "two leper hands." However, studies have also investigated the growth of indigenous trees in with that of exotic species. The names of the universities that got licenses in Abuja included, Augustine University, Ilara, Lagos; Chrisland University, Owode, Ogun State; Christopher University, Mowe, Ogun State; Hallmark University, Ijebu-Itele, Ogun State; Kings University, Ode-Omu, Osun State; Micheal and Cecilia Ibru University, Owhrode, Delta State; Mountain Top University, Makogi/Oba Ogun state; Ritman University, Ikot-Epene, Akwa- Ibom State and Summit University, Offa, Kwara State. It was temporarily expelled from the latter in 1995 when ruled by the Abacha regime. [128] Subsequently, Nigeria's economy is becoming over-reliant on cheap foreign imports to sustain itself, resulting in a clear decline in Nigerian Industry under such arrangements. [77] The coup plotters wanted to replace Gowon's autocratic rule with a triumvirate of three brigadier generals whose decisions could be vetoed by a Supreme Military Council. Invasive Alien Species. [249] The government has majority control of university education. Of which 60,068 kilometres (37,325 mi) (including 1,194 km (742 mi) of expressways) are paved roads and as of 1998 (west. Niger - ein solcher Name hat nicht nur ein Land, sondern auch einen Fluss, der durch die Hauptstadt fließt. Under the Shari'a penal code that applies to Muslims in twelve northern states, offences such as alcohol consumption, homosexuality,[285] infidelity and theft carry harsh sentences, including amputation, lashing, stoning and long prison terms. During the oil boom of the 1970s, Nigeria accumulated a significant foreign debt to finance major infrastructural investments. [225] [90] Babangida's regime has been considered the most corrupt, and responsible for creating a culture of corruption in Nigeria.[91]. Korruption, Gewalt und ethnische Konflikte zwischen dem muslimischen Norden und dem christlich-animistischen Süden sind die Haupthemmnisse, um Nigerias Bevölkerung ein … Nigerians are nearly equally divided into Muslims and Christians, with a tiny minority of adherents of Traditional African religions and other religions. Their dominance reached as far as the city of Eko (an Edo name later changed to Lagos by the Portuguese) and further. Between 1990 and 2005, in total Nigeria lost 35.7% of its forest cover, or around 6,145,000 hectares. However, agitation for better resource control in the Niger Delta, its main oil-producing region, has led to disruptions in oil production and prevents the country from exporting at 100% capacity. Further, Nigeria has become an African hub for the Grail Movement and the Hare Krishnas,[232] and the largest temple of the Eckankar religion is in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, with a total capacity of 10,000. [299], There are many festivals in Nigeria, some of which date to the period before the arrival of the major religions in this ethnically and culturally diverse society. [255], Internationally, Nigeria is infamous for a form of bank fraud dubbed 419, a type of advance fee fraud (named after Section 419 of the Nigerian Penal Code) along with the "Nigerian scam", a form of confidence trick practised by individuals and criminal syndicates. Mauritania’s endless sea of sand dunes hides an open secret: An estimated 10% to 20% of the population lives in slavery. - Arbeitsbeschäftigungs-System - Easter-Eggs - Eindeutig zu wenig Vergabe von Einflusspunkten ; 70. Nigerian feasts are colourful and lavish, while aromatic market and roadside snacks cooked on barbecues or fried in oil are plentiful and varied.[302]. [161], The Niger Delta Nembe Creek Oil field was discovered in 1973 and produces from middle Miocene deltaic sandstone-shale in an anticline structural trap at a depth of 2 to 4 kilometres (7,000 to 13,000 feet). There were also uncertainties, such as in the first republic, that political leaders may be unable to govern properly which would bring another batch of new military rulers. It is comparable in size to Venezuela, and is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California. In 1989, Babangida started making plans for the transition to the Third Nigerian Republic. Nigeria was ranked 21st in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) in 2015. The Nok civilization of Nigeria flourished between 1,500 BC and AD 200. Nigeria poverty rates have gone down significantly in the last few years, because of economic growth. [295][296] By 2016, this record was held by The Wedding Party, a film by Kemi Adetiba. [234] Nigeria has been reorganising its health system since the Bamako Initiative of 1987, which formally promoted community-based methods of increasing accessibility of drugs and health care services to the population, in part by implementing user fees. In a national television address in 2007, he added that if Nigerians did not like the victory of his handpicked successor, they would have an opportunity to vote again in four years.